was first a private student of Louis Vierne and Charles Tournemire, later he studied at the Paris Conservatory with Jean Gallon, composition with Paul Dukas, and Eugène Gigout. From 1929 he was organist at the Parisian Church of St. Étienne-du-Mont and toured Europe and North America as concert organist. In 1943 he became professor of harmony at the Conservatoire. In 1953 Duruflé married the organist Marie-Madeleine Chevalier (1921-1999), a pupil of Marcel Duprés, with whom he often performed together. Both suffered a serious car accident on 29 May 1975, ending the organist career of the Duruflés. His last work, the short choir movement Notre-Père, was written in 1977. Maurice Duruflé died in Paris in 1986 at the age of 84.
Duruflé wrote mainly sacred vocal and organ music. Although he composed all his life, he only released a fraction of his work for publication. His oeuvre, influenced by late Romanticism, Impressionism and Gregorian chant, comprises only 14 works with opus numbers, all of which are characterized by great skill and originality.
Among the organ works, the Suite op. 5 from 1932 and the Prélude et Fuge sur le nom d’Alain op. 7 from 1942 stand out. His Requiem (1947) for solos, choir, organ and orchestra, which is recognized as a masterpiece of French church music, became famous.