Composers

Aliénor d’Aquitaine

Granddaughter of the first known troubadour (William IX of Aquitaine), queen of France and then of England, mother of eleven children including two kings, Eleanor of Aquitaine (1124-1204) was the greatest patron of 12th century courtly poetry. Historians have long attributed to Eleanor of Aquitaine an important role as...

Llibre Vermell de Montserrat

The Llibre Vermell de Montserrat (Catalan for “Red Book of Montserrat”) is a collection of late medieval songs and liturgical texts. The manuscript from the 14th century is still kept today in the Montserrat monastery near Barcelona in Catalonia. The manuscript was written around 1399 and originally contained 172...

Josquin Desprez

Josquin Desprez also Josquin des Préz, Jossequin Lebloitte or Latinized Josquinus Pratensis, (* between 1450 and 1455 in the surroundings of Saint-Quentin; † August 27, 1521 in Condé-sur-l’Escaut, France) was a Franco-Flemish composer and singer of the Renaissance, who mastered all the compositional techniques of the early Renaissance, was...

Henricus Isaac

Heinrich Isaac The Franco-Flemish composer Heinrich Isaac (around 1450 – 1517) was, together with Josquin Desprez, probably one of the most productive and influential of the early Renaissance. Heinrich Isaac’s early life, his musical education and the possible teachers are not known. The education must have been excellent and...

Georg Philipp Telemann

Georg Philipp Telemann (1681 – 1767) The era of the German late baroque brought forth Bach and Handel, two of the greatest musical geniuses. But Georg Philipp Telemann, born in 1681, was considered equal, if not superior, to them at the time.  Telemann was the most fruitful composer of...

Giuseppe Domenico Scarlatti

Giuseppe Domenico Scarlatti (also: Domingo Escarlate (Portuguese) or Domingo Escarlatti (Spanish); * 26 October 1685 in Naples; † 23 July 1757 in Madrid) was an Italian composer and harpsichordist. His main importance lies in the sonatas for harpsichord, which are among the most original of their genre in the...
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